az118 (az118) wrote,


Altaic etymology :

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Turkic: "er" | Query method: Match substring
Proto-Altaic: *i̯òre
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: male, young male
Russian meaning: самец, молодой самец
Turkic: *ẹr-kek
Mongolian: *(h)üreɣe
Tungus-Manchu: *ur
Korean: *óràpí
Japanese: *ǝ̀tǝ
Comments: The Turkic forms should be kept apart from the reflexes of *ēr < *ā́ri q. v.
Proto-Altaic: *kéro
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to fight, kill
Russian meaning: драться, убивать
Turkic: *gEröĺ-
Mongolian: *kere-
Tungus-Manchu: *kere-, *kerbe-
Korean: *kūr-
Japanese: *kǝ́r-
Comments: EAS 146, KW 227, Poppe 18, 79, Murayama 1962, 110. Cf. *kàra.
Proto-Altaic: *k`ĭ̀régV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cutting tool
Russian meaning: режущий инструмент
Turkic: *kerki
Mongolian: *kiröɣe
Tungus-Manchu: *xirege
Japanese: *kìrí
Comments: Цинциус 1984, 92, Ozawa 80-81. The stem may be connected to PT *kert- (ЭСТЯ 5, 54, Stachowski 145), Mong. *kerči- 'to cut' ( > Evk. kerči- etc., ТМС 1, 453, see Doerfer MT 110; the two words were compared in KW228, Poppe 19, 51, 83, Menges 1982, and despite Щербак 1997, 127, Mong. kerči- is hardly borrowed < Turk.): we may be dealing with two derivatives (*k`ire-gV vs. *k`ire-t`V). However, direct derivation PT *kerki < *kert-ki is hardly plausible, despite Menges 1944; it rather goes back to *kirge-ki.
Proto-Altaic: *ńi̯àŕì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: man, young man
Russian meaning: мужчина, юноша
Turkic: *jeŕne
Mongolian: er-me-
Tungus-Manchu: *ń(i)ari
Korean: *nắr-ná-
Japanese: *mì(n)tù
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 291.
Tags: этимология, языки

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